‘Ca Citab Nyngcong Ban Hicai Poole Ci Citin Cassi’. Mark the word used by Thomas Jones – Cassi. : By Bah HojiSuting, Former PA to Late Bah B.B. Lyngdoh, former Chief Minister of Meghalaya

This month of June, the State of Meghalaya commemorates Thomas Jones Day. Thomas Jones was the son of a carpenter in Wales who later came to the Khasi Hills as a Welsh Christian missionary. At his tombstone in the Scottish cemetery in Kolkata are inscribed the words “The founding father of the Khasi alphabets and literature”. In 1842, he published the primer which was entitled ‘Ca Citab Nyngcong Ban Hicai Poole Ci Citin Cassi’. Mark the word used by Thomas Jones – Cassi.

Emperor Julius Caesar of the Roman Empire also names the Cassi as one of the tribes who fought him when he first invaded Britain in 55 BC and 54 BC. William Camden, (1551 – 1623) was an English historian, best known as author of Britannia. He wrote “I have beene of opinion that these were in old time called Cassi, that of this Cassii their Prince was named Cassivellaunus or Casibelinus (for so wee find it diversly written). Also, that of Casivellaunus name this very people were by the Graecians termed Catuellani, Cathuellani, and Catteuchlani. For among the Nations of Britaine Caesar reckoneth the Cassii, who that they were seated in these parts it is most certaine, and of whose name a prety portion of this tract is at this daie called Caishow. And seeing that Cassivellaunus ruled this country, as it appeareth by Caesar, and in the said name of his this denomination of Cassii doth most plainelybewraie it selfe, it may seeme probable enough the Cassivellaunus was so named, as one would saie, The Prince of the Casii.”

In another translation of his book Britannia (the early editions were in Latin), Camden says “ON the East of the Dobuni, border those People whom Ptolemy, according to different Copies, calls Cattieuchlani, Cattidudani, Cathicludani; and Dio, Cattuellani. Which of these is the true name, I cannot easily determin; yet I must beg leave to be deliver’d of an abortive conjecture, which I long since conceived. I should think then, that these people were the ancient Cassii; that from them their Prince Cassivellaunus, or Cassibelinus, took his name; and that they again, from their Prince Cassivellaunus, were by the Grecians call’dCattuellani, Cathuellani, and Cattieuchlani.

Now the Cassii, mention’d by Cæsar among the British Nations, did most certainly inhabit these parts; from whom a pretty large tract in this County, still retains the name of Caishow. And since Cassivellaunusgovern’d here, as is evident from Cæsar; and in his name that of the Cassii. doth manifestly appear; it seems very probable, that Cassivellaunus denotes as much as the Prince of the Cassii. But whence these people had the name of Cassii, I have not discover’d; unless it was from their war-like Valour. For Servius Honoratus informs us, that the stoutest and most vigorous Soldiers were by the ancient Gauls (who spoke the same language with the Britains) call’dGessi. Whence Ninnius interprets the British word Cethilou, The Seed of Warriors.

Now, that the Cassii were renown’d for Martial prowess, is most certain: for, before the arrival of Cæsar, they had wag’d continual war against their neighbours, and had reduced part of the Dobuni under their subjection. And then, upon Cæsar’s Invasion,Dio. the Britains constituted the Prince of this Country, Commander in chief of the forces of the whole Island. They had too, by this time, extended their name and dominion to a considerable distance. For under the general name of Cassii or Cattieuchlani, were comprehended all those people who inhabit three Counties in the pres/ ent division, viz. Buckinghamshire, Bedfordshire, and Hertfordshire; “

The ancient Phoenicians who traded all across Europe by ship were Khasis. Lieutenant Colonel Laurence Austine Waddellclearly mentions in his books that“ ‘Kassi or Cassi’ was used by the first Phoenician Dynasty 3000BC”. Waddell was a British explorer, Professor of Tibetan, Professor of Chemistry and Pathology. Waddell studied Sumerian and Sanskrit too; He was a Professor of Tibetan at the University College of London (1906–1908). He became a fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and produced many brilliant books and papers. According to Waddell the “unknown” script on the Newton Stone in Scotland is Hitto-Phoenician. His translation is as follows:

“This Sun-Cross was raised to Bil (or Bel, the God of Sun-Fire) by the Kassi (or Cassi-bel[-an]) of Kast of the Siluyr (sub-clan) of the “Khilani” (or Hittite-palace-dwellers), the Phoenician (named) Ikar of Cilicia, the Prwt (or Prat, that is ‘Barat’ or ‘Brihat’ or Brit-on).”. By the way, the Khasi word for God is ‘Blei’ similar to the ‘Bel’ mentioned by Waddell and in ancient Welsh , it is ‘Beli’. :Brihat’ in Khasi means ;Agricultural Market’. Waddell’s critics (most of whom were arm chair critics who never travelled anywhere) tried to pooh pooh his writings but now DNA has proved him right and they wrong, almost 100 years later. He was a British and Scottish genius.

The Khasi living today at beautiful Khasi Hills at the foothills of the Himalayas, were the first settlers of Ireland some thousands and thousands of year ago. They came in many waves. Just as they did thousands of years ago, they are still matrilineal, wear distinct tartan shawls, have priestlydruids known as Lyngdohs, still maintain over 100 Sacred Groves/Forests, buildmonoliths, Stone Circles, dolmens, cromlechs, megaliths and Living Root Tree Bridges.” ‘Black Irish’ is often a description of people of Irish origin whohad dark features, black hair, dark complexion and eyes. ”
DNA testing of remains of ancient Irish people suggests that some ofthe earliest human arrivals on the island originally came from muchfurther afield.

One of the oldest texts composed in Ireland is the Leabhar Gabahla (in Khasi ‘Leh Bha Kat Ba Lah’ meaning Do as much Good as you can). It tells a semi-mythical history of the waves of people who settled in Ireland in earliest times. It says the first settlers to arrive in Ireland were a small dark people called the Fir Bolg.

You cannot build ships without iron. So knowledge of iron smelting is important. Here is the link to an article which came out in 2013 entitled “Iron used in Khasi hills 2000 years ago- Evidence of ancient smelting ‘technology’ found in Meghalaya” where two Polish scientists find that the Khasis knew the art of iron smelting at least 2000 years ago. Pawel Prokop, a geo-environmental researcher with the Polish Academy of Sciences and his colleague, IreneuszSuliga, have reported their findings in the journal, Current Science. https://www.telegraphindia.com/1130326/jsp/frontpage/story_16715810.jsp
Ecossais, The Khasi Saga”, is a must read book written by Assamese medical doctor, Dr.SatyakamPhukan. https://drsatyakamphukan.wordpress.com/behind-and-beyond-ecossais-the-khasi-saga/

The Khasis or Cassi arrived in many waves more than 30000 years ago in the British Isles and Europe. “The greatest history book ever written is the one hidden in our DNA”. Dr. Spencer Wells, Director, Genographic Project, National Geographic Society. What many do not know even among the Khasi people is that DNA has now uncovered that the Khasis and the Mundas left Africa for India around 60000-70000 years ago to escape severe drought and famine. Kindly read the article ‘How Did The Khasis Of Meghalaya Come From Africa’ by Dr. I. Mohendra Singh who is based in the UK. Also please read the extremely erudite article ‘The Origin and Ancient Migrations of the Khasi People: Genetics Tells the Story’ by Dr Glenn C Kharkongor , Chancellor of Martin Luther Christian University, (MLCU) which confirms the ancient prehistory of the Khasis.

Now combining the subjects of Genetics, Anthropology, Archaeology, Linguistics, Ancient History, Toponymy (Toponymy or Toponomastics, the study of place names, is one of the principal branches of Onomastics). Culture, ancient Khasi oral history, legends and myths (most of it kept secret and handed down among just a select few, most of whom have died.), Geography etc, we now know for sure that the Khasis were the first civilisation of the world and that they set up the Kingdoms of Sumeria, Egypt, Phoenicia, Mesopotamia and many others across the world.

The Astounding Origin and 60000-70000 years mind blowing history of the mysterious, ancient Khasi people, a tribe living at the foothills of the Himalayas
The Incredible Origin of the Khasis !!

WHO ARE THE KHASI , JAINTIA, GARO AND WHAT IS THEIR AMAZING UNBELIEVABLE HERITAGE ??. Please read Bahrain and the Gulf: Past, Perspectives and Alternative Futures edited by Jeffrey J. Nugent, Theodore H. Thomas. This book is the result of a joint research conducted at the University of Southern California (USC) by the ‘Bahrain Project’, and the Interdisciplinary Development Study Group with the support of the State of Bahrain in the 1970s and 1980s. Here is an extract from Chapter 2:

“The priesthood, which spoke the original Austro-Asiatic Khasi language, apparently infiltrated Mesopotamia and established itself at Larsa and Sippar in this region…. Later these priests founded major centers of sun-god worship at Baalbek in the Bekaa Valley of Lebanon and Heliopolis just north of Cairo in Egypt….The many burial mounds on Bahrain suggest that it was considered sacred ground by the Sumerians, the original settling place of their nation after its emigration from the Shillong Plateau, indeed, the ideal place to ‘erect a monument’.”http://www.wikiwand.com/en/Sumer

The people of Sumer were indeed Khasis, who left the Shillong Plateau at the foothills of the Himalayas to farm in then Sumeria.The Sumerian Goddess of brewing beer was ‘Nin Kasi’. The temple of Inanna was dedicated to the Ancestral Mother’s sister and comes from the Khasi word ‘I Nanah’ meaning ‘Mother’s sister’ of ‘Aunty’. The city of Ur comes from the Khasi word ‘Ur’ meaning ‘fall’. There are more than 100,000 Khasi burial mounds scattered across Bahrain, constructed nearly 4000 years ago. The Khasi Jaintia are the only tribe in the world to have threevillages named Sumer after their ancient city Sumer in Sumeria overwhich their Kings ruled for 250000 years. They are also the only tribein the world to have a clan surname ‘Sumer’ in honour of that ancientcivilisation.

The Khasis were Aryans. ‘Ar’ means ‘two’ in Khasi and ‘Yan’ means the ‘Wise God’
“The historians believe that one of the largest ancient Iranian tribes was Cas Su, Cassi and Kassi, which means fair-eyed and fair-faced. The name of central city of Kashan (Kassan) and also the name of the Caspian sea are a relic of this ancient Aryan tribe. Many relics of the Kassi tribe have also been found in the central Iran, in Qazvin and Khorramabad and other regions.” https://iransnews.wordpress.com/2011/12/04/a-very-brief-history-of-iran-and-iranian-religions/

Did you know that in prehistoric times the Himalayan region was known as the Khasi Desh or Khas Desh and that the ancient language was called Khasi-kura or Khas-kura and that Bahun was the first name of the Brahmins which later became Khas Brahmin? Did you know that Kash-miris were originally Khasis and that till today there are three Khasi pura/poravillages in Kashmir? The Khasis/Kash-miris of Kash-mir became first Hindu and Buddhist before Muslim invaders converted them to Islam? The Khasis also have their own prehistoric ancient name for the Himalayan mountains which is “Ki Lum Mankashang” READ AND BE PREPARED TO BE STUNNED !! HISTORY HAS TO BE RE-WRITTIEN.

The DNA tests on 92 LIVING KHASIS by the Genographic Project of National Geographic led by Dr. Spencer Wells and subsequently confirmed by other DNA tests prove their ancient age – at least 57000 years. The DNA tests should be extended to many more Khasis to confirm their real age as Khasis believe they arrived much more than 150000 years ago at present day Khasi-Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya at the foothills of the Himalayas.

They subsequently spread out to modern day Tibet (There they found the origin of the river which runs through 6 countries and named it Mei Kong meaning Elder Mother in Khasi. Mei means Mother and Kong denotes elder lady in the Khasi language), Vietnam, Tibet, China, Japan, Korea, Mongolia, Central Asia, Taiwan, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines etc. Visit the Heritage of Japan website where Researcher Aileen Kawagoe names the Waar (War) of Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya India as one of the Genetic sources of Early Japanese.

https://heritageofjapan.wordpress.com/just-what-was-so-amazing-about-jomon-japan/1-temp-from-africa-to-east-asia-the-tale-of-migration-and-origins-emerges-from-our-mitochondria-dna/ “Haplogroup M7a, on the other hand, has been found elsewhere mainly among Japanese and Ryukyuans, and with lower frequency among Koreans, Chinese, Filipinos, Taiwanese aborigines, Buryats, Central Asians, and Waars of the Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya, India.]” Amanda Huang writes in ‘DNA Profiles of “Han” Taiwanese’, http://archive.is/bK4h “According to Tanaka et al. (2004), their (AINU OF JAPAN) mtDNA lineages mainly consist of haplogroup Y (21.6%) and haplogroup M7a (15.7%). Mitochondrial DNA haplogroup Y is otherwise found mainly among Nivkhs, as well as at lower frequency among Koreans, Mongols, Tungusic peoples, Koryaks, Itelmens, and Austronesians; haplogroup M7a, on the other hand, is found elsewhere almost exclusively among Japanese, Ryukyuans, Koreans, and Waars of the Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya, India.

Some linguists believe that Austro-Asiatic and Austronesian are linked in a larger family, called Austric. John Bengtson (2006) has suggested that Ainu is an Austric language.” Khasis are Austro-Asiatic. The name Japan comes from the Khasi phrase ‘Ja Pan’ which literally translates into ‘Rice Ask’ as the origin of the name Japan. From the Khasi-Jaintia Hills, the early settlers landed by boat at the place where stands now the most ancient Kashi maShrine and Kashima city so named after Khasi Ma or Khasi Mei or MeiKhasi meaning Khasi Mother. Like their Khasi-Jaintia ancestors who believed that they descended from Heaven, the earliest Japanese Fudoki believed that the Kashima /Khasi Ma Celestial God descended fromHeaven.

The Khasi have a Sun Goddess ‘Ka Sngi.’ The Japanese too havea Sun Goddess – Amaterasu Omikami. The Khasis have a rooster as theirmost important symbol. The Rooster is an auspicious symbol forJapanese Shinto. Khasis look at a ‘River’ and say ‘Ka Wah’. ‘River’ in Japanese is ‘Ka Wa’ but pronounced ‘Ka Wah’. The Khasi-Jaintia are famous for their Monoliths and ancient Stones. View the Khasi monoliths related to the Khasi indigenous belief system, near Sohra / Cherrapunjee, East Khasi Hills, Meghalaya. Image courtesy of Holidayiq.com.

Look at the Oyu Stone Circles near the city of Kazuno in Japan built by the first Khasi-Jaintia settlers in Japan to signify approval of the land. https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/oyu-stone-circles
https://heritageofjapan.wordpress.com/just-what-was-so-amazing-about-jomon-japan/ways-of-the-jomon-world-2/did-the-jomon-have-a-calendar/secrets-of-the-stone-circles/ Just like there are so many Monoliths scattered all across the Khasi-Jaintia Hills (57000 years old BCE), so too there are about 30 Late Jomon period (4,420-3,220 BCE) stone circles scattered through northern Japan alone. If you have still any doubts, look up DNA, Haplogroup C-M217. In an early study of Japanese Y-chromosomes, haplogroup C-M217 was found relatively frequently among Ainus (2/16=12.5%or 1/4=25%) and among Japanese of the Kyūshū region. A study published in 2007 found C-M217 (xM93, P39, M86) Y-DNA in 8.5% (6/71) of a sample of Garos, who primarily inhabit the Garo Hills in the western half of Meghalaya, and in 7.6% (27/353) of a pool of samples of eight Khasian tribes from the eastern half of Meghalaya (6/18 = 33.3% Nongtrai from the West Khasi Hills, 10/60 = 16.7% Lyngngam from the West Khasi Hills, 2/29 = 6.9% War-Khasi from the East Khasi Hills, 3/44 = 6.8% Pnar from the Jaintia Hills, 1/19 = 5.3% War-Jaintia from the Jaintia Hills, 3/87 = 3.4% Khynriam from the East Khasi Hills, 2/64 = 3.1% Maram from the West Khasi Hills, and 0/32 Bhoi from Ri-Bhoi District).

Haplogroup C-M217 which occurs in high frequency among this relatively unknown tribe – Khasi is also found among Apache, Cheyenne, Sioux,Tuvana of Siberia, Han Chinese, Koreans, Ainu, Japanese Kyushu,Mongols, Pfalz (the Rhineland Palatinate) and Baden-Württemberg insouthwestern Germany. It has also been detected among the PennsylvaniaDutch in North America, even among those who have no known NativeAmerican ancestry,  etc.

The Khasis never had any written history just oral history. Many secrets were passed down orally among a select few. Now with DNA technology, it is time to tell these ancient stories which would have been laughed at earlier. There are many many more ancient secrets among the Khasis and Jaintias of Meghalaya State, lying at the foothills of the Himalayas. Remember, they arrived where they are at least 60000-70000 years ago. Amanda Huang in her writing ‘DNA profiles of Han Taiwanese’ also links the Taiwanese with the Khasi Austro-Asiatic people. After leaving Africa, about 57000 – 150000 years ago, the Khasis spread all over the world.

Some Khasis of today look like the Japanese or Taiwanese, though other Khasis look more like Khmer, Laos or Thai. Khasis are Matrilineal, part of the Y-chromosome haplogroups which are all over Britain and large parts of Europe. DNA now tell us they left Africa because of a severe drought, extreme heat and famine. At that very ancient time, there were just 5000 -10000 homo sapiens (our species) in the world, all only in Africa. The Khasis lived where the Casia tree species exists in Africa. The tree derives its name from them. From this tree, the Khasis got their love and talent for Herbal Medicine. The Casia tree is known for its medicinal properties. Wherever they spread and lived for centuries in Africa, they built Stone Circles.

No other tribe living or ancient has claimed to build Stone Circles, Megaliths or Monoliths. The Khasis have always claimed to have built them wherever they lived and traded. In the Khasi Hills, there are Monoliths, Stones and Megaliths all over the place. There is a Monolith Garden in Nartiang, Jaintia Hills. They even still celebrate a Monolith Festival. It was they who built the Castlerigg, Avebury, Stonehenge Monoliths, Carnac Stones in Britanny, France, the Oyu Stone Circles in Japan etc as well as those in the Khasi Hills. No one else has come forward with a claim or expertise to have erected them.

Have a look at the beautiful Stone Circles of Domtiewsaw in South West Khasi Hills
as well as at Markyrduk in South West Khasi Hills
Castlerigg Stone Circles, Keswick, Lake District Britain built by the
Khasi or Cassi tribe Part 1
This is an extract from the meeting and discussions of the JOURNAL OF THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND. VOL. I.
LONDON:  May 1st, 1871
H. H. Godwin-Austen. — On the Stone Monuments oJ the Khasi Hill Tribes, and on Home of the Peculiar Rites and Ciistoms of the People. By Major H. H. Godwin-Austen, F.E.G.S., Deputy Superintend-ent Topographical Survey of India. “Col. A. Lane Fox thought the Institute might be congratulated upon the paper which they had just heard, which was one of the most important contributions to anthropology that had been received for some time past. It was impossible to overrate the value of the de- tails of the manners and customs which Major Godwin Austin had given, and which were associated with the erection of these megalithic monuments at the present time. The geographical distribution of these monuments, as he had before shown in the Ethnological Journal was continuous, or nearly so, extending from those Kassias in the north-east of India to Central India, Persia, Asia Minor, the Crimea, along the north coast of Africa bordering the Mediterranean. They are found in Etruria, up the south and west coast of France into Britain, and as far as Den- mark and Sweden.”Austrian ethnologist and professor at the School of Oriental andAfrican Studies at London, Christoph Von FurerHaimendorf rightlyremarked:“…there exist no race in the Asiatic mainland which had developedMegalithic technique to such a degree as the Khasis, their row of hugemenhir, their bone respiratory built on gigantic stone slab… are amongthe most impressive Megalithic monument that I have yet seen.”. We may now add that there exists no race in the world who build Megalithic monuments as the Khasis have done and are still doing.

The Khasis left Africa to search for Water, cool weather, hills, mountains and thickly forested lands. After receiving detailed reports from advanced teams sent to scout the world, they left Africa and settled in the Khasi Hills at the foothills of the Himalayas where they still live today. Using these Khasi mountains as their base at least 60000-70000 years ago, they then proceeded to explore the whole world in different batches. On arrival at a place which they liked to settle on, they erected Stone Circles, Megaliths and Monoliths all over the land to signify ownership of the land, to thank God ‘U Blei’ or ‘U Blai’ and to promise ‘U Blei’ or ‘U Blai’ that they would protect and be good stewards of the land. Every area they settled initially would have plateaus, mountains, lots of rain and water, forests, cool weather etc.

Around 74000-75000 years ago, the super volcano Mount Toba of Sumatra, Indonesia erupted. There was widespread death and destruction. The sun disappeared for a long time because of the super eruption. Hence came the Khasi legend and story of the Rooster. Immediately after that event, wherever the Khasis went, they dug deep and long caves.These caves took many generations to dig. They also proceeded to grow wheat. The word ‘Kew’ in Khasi means ‘Wheat’ hence the name Kew Gardens.
Between 30000 – 40000 years ago, the Khasi left to explore and settle the rest of the world. They went to Siberia, Tibet, China, Japan, Scandinavia, Britain, Europe, (Germany, France, Portugal, Greece, Italy, Netherlands etc) Caucasus, Myanmar, Mongolia, Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines, Korea, Vietnam, Laos etc. After this, they left for North and South America.

They set up the Sumerian, Babylonian & Phoenician kingdoms. Look at the ancient (4000-1000 BC) Sun Crosses seals of the Sumerian, Hittite, Catti, Khassi, Cassi, Egyptian, Phoenicians etc all of whom were the same people.

The Khasis were nomads and explored the whole world. Sumerians, Phoenicians, Babylonians, Cretians, Keltoi, Celts, Picts, Cassi, Etruscans, Catti, Chauci, Cauci, Khatti, Keltic, Kymri, Cimmerians, Mongols etc all descended from them.Their traces are found in so many places. Herodotus, the ancient Greek historian called Britain Cassiteriades or Kassiterides, the Khasi Tin Islands. They were all over Britain but were called different names. They mined Tin, Gold, Silver and grew wheat. Just like Jeans are called American jeans because it was originally made by the Americans, just like Scotch is called Scotch whisky, just like vodka is known as Russian vodka because the Russians are famous for making vodka, so too Britain was called Kassiteriades or Cassiterides because it was the Khasis/Cassi who mined and sold tin in those days.

Their ancient name for Britain was Ka Dew LynnongPyrdain or The Isle of Prydain or Pyrdain meaning in Khasi ‘The Island of Wisdom’. ‘Pyrdain’ means ‘Wisdom, Deep Thought’ in Khasi. Khasis often say ‘Ka Pyrkhat ka Pyrdain’ meaning ‘Thinking and Wisdom’. They also called Britain ‘Bilat’ after the White Limestone Cliffs of Dover. Emperor Julius Caesar in his writings names a Cassi tribe which fought against the Romans under their Chief Cassi-Vellaunus.

Caesar landed around the Wantsum or Wansum Channeland crossed the River Thames at the Kew ford. ‘Wan Sum’ in Khasi means’Come and bathe’. The Kew or Quay Hoh Gardens are named after theCassi or Khasi harvest chant Hoh Kew or Hoi Kew. Kew means wheat inKhasi & the Cassi tribe is known to have grown wheat in Britain. TheKhasi / Cassi name for the third largest city of Roman Britain wasHangne-ruh-la-mih-Um, later shortened to Uerulamium and then toVerulamium. In Khasi it meant ‘Here too water has come out’. ‘La MihUm’ means ‘Water has come out’. Present day Colchester city was knownin pre-Roman times as Ca-mulo-don-um. ‘Ka mluh don um’ is a Khasiphrase meaning ‘There is salt in the water’.

The old name of Thames in Khasi is ‘Them Sum’. The ‘Them’ in Khasi is pronounced in the same way as the English today pronounce ‘Thames’ but with the addition of an’s’. The area around the Thames was then a low-lying area covered inwater, much more than now. ‘Them’ in Khasi means low-lying. ‘Them Sum’means ‘low-lying area for bathing’. It gradually became Thames. Thereis still standing an 18th Century Stanmore Obelisk, Brockley Hill atthe Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital compounds commemorating thevictory of King Cassi-vellaunus (Prince of the Cassi) who led aconfederation of British tribes including the Cassi tribe and defeatedthe Romans of Emperor Julius Caesar in 54 BC.

Look at the historic photos  http://piquantphotos.blogspot.com/2012/10/june-12-when-romans-attacked-stanmore.html.
Read what is written on the South side and the West side of theObelisk. The Cassi tribe is clearly mentioned.

Kassi” (or “Cassi“) was the title used by the First Phoenician Dynasty about 3000 B.C., as attested in their still extant inscriptions.1 It was the title adopted by the great dynasty of that name in Babylonia which ruled the Mesopotamian empire for about six centuries, from about 1800 B.C., and who are now generally admitted to have been Aryans. And Kasi also occurs as a personal name of Phoenicians in inscriptions in Egypt.This Kasi title is thus now disclosed as the Phoenician source of the “Cassi” title borne by the ruling Briton Catti kings of pre-Roman Britain down to Cassivellaunus (see later), who minted the “Cas” coins bearing the Sun-horse and other solar symbols.

This Aryan expansion began as far back as 3,000 BC, probably earlier,with their seafaring branch, the Phoenicians. They were atechnologically advanced people who have been marginalized by officialhistory and this has obscured their true identity. They arefundamental to understanding where we have come from and where we arenow. It was they who brought both their genetic lines and theirknowledge to Europe, Scandinavia and the Americas, thousands of yearsBC.” – Lieutenant Colonel L. A. Waddell (1854-1938) There were just a small band of Khasis and Mundas, maybe between 150-1500 people who left Africa 60000-70000 years ago.They were all related to each other. No one else was there in India and most of the world, except Neanderthals and earlier humans of another species but not our HOMO SAPIENS.

That explains why the name Khasi and its derivatives are all over the world.All tribes and communities in the North East of India and throughout the Himalayan mountains, including the Assamese Ahom are closely related to the Khasis from a distant past of thousands of years ago for it was from the Khasi Hills that they spread to the Tibetan Plateau, South East Asia, other parts of Asia and back. There were no passports and visas in ancient times, so going and coming was much easier. DNA confirms their ancient history.The Khasis and Munda people proceeded to populate the whole of India. There was an ancient Kingdom of Kashi in northern India. The holy city of Varanasi was earlier known as Kashi. It was a Khasi holy city. One has to go back around 1700-3000 BC to find an old Egyptian medical papyrus which correctly mentions ‘Khasi’ as the name for ‘Benares’. It later became Kashi and then Varanasi. The Khasis did intermarry with the Neanderthals in Europe and other parts of the world.

We have much much more to tell. In honour of Thomas Jones, let this article spark intense interest among students, researchers, scientists and professors to study and  reveal the untold prehistory, oral stories, myths and legends of the Khasis.
By Bah HojiSuting,
Former PA to Late Bah B.B. Lyngdoh, former Chief Minister of Meghalaya
Former OSD of the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly
EMAIL; Sutinghoji@gmail.com

Mobile; 08787861208

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