Meghalaya had been estimated 9106 prevalence of cancer as reported by ICMR 2016

New Delhi, December 19: The estimates from National Cancer Registry Programme of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)  suggests some variance in the prevalence of cancer across different parts of the country. Some of North-Eastern Region has higher Age Adjusted Incidence Rates(AARs). The estimated prevalence of cancer, as reported by ICMR, State and UT for the year 2016.

The Central Government supplements the efforts of the State Government for improving healthcare including prevention, diagnosis and treatment of Cancer. The objectives of National Programme for Prevention and Control of Cancer, Diabetes, Cardiovascular Diseases and Stroke (NPCDCS) being implemented under National Health Mission (NHM) for interventions upto district level include awareness generation for Cancer prevention, screening, early detection and referral to an appropriate level institution for treatment. The focus is on three types of cancer namely breast, cervical and oral cancer.

A population level initiative of prevention, control and screening for common NCDs (diabetes, hypertension and cancer viz. oral, breast and cervical cancer) has beenrolled out in over 100 districts of the country in 2017-18 under NHM.

The Government of India is implementing “Strengthening of Tertiary Care Cancer facilities” Scheme under NPCDCS to assist to establish/set up State Cancer Institutes (SCI) and Tertiary Care Cancer Centres (TCCC) in different parts of the country. Oncology in its various aspects has focus in case of new AIIMS and many upgraded institutions under Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojna (PMSSY). Setting up of National Cancer Institute at Jhajjar (Haryana) and 2nd campus of Chittranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata has also been approved. All these will enhance the capacity for screening, prevention and treatment of cancer in the country.

The Government of India does not propose to declare Cancer as a notifiable disease. The National Cancer Registry Programme is already implemented by National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru, under the aegis of Indian Council of Medical Research. The data made available is sufficient for the programme and policy related to Cancer prevention and control in the country.

The Minister of State Health and Family Welfare, Smti Anupriya Patel stated this in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha here today.

Coming to North Eastern State, according to report the estimated prevalence of cancer, as reported by ICMR, State and UT for the year 2016, Assam has been estimated  87519, Arunachal Pradesh 3498, Manipur 8244, Meghalaya 9106, Mizoram 4544 and Nagaland 3575.

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